Crypto Mining VS Crypto Validating – Beginner’s Guide

Beginner’s Guide / 19.03.2021

Blockchain technology is a robust network designed to ensure that cryptocurrencies/ digital currencies remain reliable and serve their inception purpose. Learning about blockchain and cryptographic processes is quite fascinating to technology enthusiasts and beginner investors.

Generally, cryptocurrencies are released in the blockchain through a process called mining. Although mining adds the blocks onto the chains, a preceding process called validation streamlines everything for mining. What are validation and mining? What differentiates the two? Keep reading to understand the way new blocks are added into the blockchain.

Crypto Validation

Crypto validation is where transactions and blocks in a blockchain are authenticated and verified. A block validator looks into the details of individual transactions in a blockchain, determines their authenticity, and merges it with others to form a block.

The validator gets a notification of upcoming transactions, works to verify and approve; among the issues that a validator checks include the legality and accuracy of each transaction. Checking for double-spending is also another vital issue that a validator focuses on.

However, for a block to be complete in a blockchain, validators’ work must go through consensus algorithms.

Crypto Mining

It’s the process where consensus algorithms are used in the blockchain to accept a particular validator’s block. Today, there are two types of consensus used, i.e., proof of work and proof of stake.

Proof of work (POW) requires parties called miners to solve some complex computations for their work to be added into the blockchain. The person who solves the computation first gets their block posted.

When it comes to proof of stake (POS), investors hold some amount of particular crypto assets during the validation process and get a share of the reward.

Although validation and mining must work together for the process to complete, it’s good if an investor understands how the duo compares.

Distinctions Between Validation and Mining

Complexity Level

The level of complexity also differs between validation and mining. The earlier focus is more on just checking each transaction’s details.

The latter, i.e., mining, involves solving complex arithmetical issues to release the blocks. The difficulty level in mining is relatively high when compared to validating.

Costs Involved

Another angle to look at when checking the distinctions between mining and validating is the costs involved. The masternode is a vital component in the whole validating and mining process.

Costs in the validating part are lower than in the mining section. The user runs the node and participates in checking the authenticity of transactions.

The complexity of mining especially, solving arithmetic equations, requires large resource allocation. Therefore, the process of mining uses large amounts of power and high processor computers.

Transaction Level

Crypto validation begins when users send transactions through the blockchain. The validator receives a notification and starts verifying the authenticity of the transactions to curb double-spending and scamming.

Mining focuses on posting the block onto the distributed ledger. Here multiple transactions are compiled together to form a new block and add it to the chain, thus completing the mining process. In mining, the final product is a block of new coins.


Rewarding is also different in mining and validation. Validators’ work only ends after the mining process ends. The income earned after the mining process comes in the form of coins released. A miner will only receive the rewards after the mining process ends and his block has been chosen and added to the chain.

Why Validation and Mining are Complementary

Although the duo seems like two different processes, they need to work together if the blockchain is to be secured. As the validation process ends, the miners’ work will begin, and it should share the result between the added block participants. However, look at how mining and validation are complementary in POW and POS systems.

Proof Of Work

As a beginner, you may be interested in joining the mining or validation process; therefore, you need to be ready to complete the whole validation plus mining process. It requires vast amounts of electricity and some super-performing computers for successful block release.

However, lately, some crypto projects have been introducing options that ease the mining process by providing cloud-based computing machines. Leveraging cloud mining platforms will help ensure that you earn better rewards at a way lower costs.

Proof Of Stake

If you leverage a platform that uses proof of stake mechanisms, just run your masternode and stake some amount of crypto. The stakers will hold some amount of crypto assets against the validation process. In POS, the amount of rewards depends on the stake value and length of stake.

Final Word

In examining the difference between crypto validation and mining, some differences in costs, rewards, and complexity are noted. Mining, for instance, is a highly complex process involving some complex computations that require the power of robust computers to complete. Moreover, a validator/miner receives rewards only after the end of the validation and mining process. Crypto validation focuses more on the transaction introduced in the blockchain, while mining works on blocks of transactions, including adding them to the blockchain.

However, although there are many differences, the processes are complementary to each other. The duo processes are vital to secure the blockchain and release new coins. A crypto beginner interested in either mining or validating should be ready for the entire process.

Wayne is a Blockchain enthusiast and expert in crypto trading. Currently, he covers trendy issues on digital currencies.