China Embraces Increased Blockchain Application to Settle Court Cases
Recent reports have laid out that China’s smart courts use various innovative technologies that include blockchain and artificial intelligence (AI) in deciding numerous legal cases. A report by The Xinhua news agency on December 5 stated that blockchain and smart internet courts powered by AI were used to settle over 3.1 million Chinese litigation activities between March and October 2019.
With non-human, virtual judges powered by AI, appearing in court will be a thing of the past as time goes by. One will get to receive their court decisions via text or popular messaging services at the comfort of their homes.
Smart Internet Court Evolution
In 2017, China launched the “world-first” smart internet court in Hangzhou. Later, the government established similar operations in Beijing and Guangzhou. In April 2019, Zhang Wen expounded on the new court technology, stating it utilizes AI and blockchain for judgment. He continued that there is a priority for efficiency over accuracy in the current usage.
“…A human judge is ultimately responsible for the fair ruling. […] But we are heading toward a future when we can see an AI judge sitting at the podium.”
The Supreme People’s Court reportedly revealed that 73,200 lawyers and over one million citizens are already registered with the smart court system.
The Supreme Court of China ruled that evidence confirmed with blockchain technology is binding in legal disputes. The ruling took place in September 2018. According to the court,
“Internet courts shall recognize digital data that are submitted as evidence if relevant parties collected and stored these data via blockchain with digital signatures, reliable timestamps and hash value verification or via a digital deposition platform, and can prove the authenticity of such technology used.”
Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.